Home > VMware, VMware ESXi > Upgrading from ESXi 6.5 to ESXi 6.7 via SSH and esxcli

Upgrading from ESXi 6.5 to ESXi 6.7 via SSH and esxcli

Following VMware’s release of ESXi 6.7, I upgraded my ESXi 6.5 server to ESXi 6.7 using SSH and esxcli. For those interested, see below the jump for the details of the process I used.

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 3 31 55 PM

To upgrade from ESXi 6.5 to 6.7 using esxcli

 

1. Shut down all VMs running on your ESXi host machine.

2. Enable SSH on your ESXi server, if it is not already enabled.

3. Connect via SSH.

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 2 59 08 PM

4. Once logged in, run the following command to enter maintenance mode:

vim-cmd /hostsvc/maintenance_mode_enter

 

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 3 00 20 PM

 

5. After putting ESXi into maintenance mode, run the following command to set the correct firewall rules for the httpClient:

esxcli network firewall ruleset set -e true -r httpClient

 

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 3 01 06 PM

 

6. Next, run the following command to list the ESXi 6.7 updates available. You want the latest one that ends in -standard for your version of VMware.

esxcli software sources profile list -d https://hostupdate.vmware.com/software/VUM/PRODUCTION/main/vmw-depot-index.xml | grep ESXi-6.7

 

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 3 03 39 PM

 

7. Once you’ve identified the correct version of VMware (as of 5-18-2018, this is ESXi-6.7.0-8169922-standard), run the following command to download and install the update.

esxcli software profile update -d https://hostupdate.vmware.com/software/VUM/PRODUCTION/main/vmw-depot-index.xml -p ESXi-6.7.0-8169922-standard

 

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 3 45 50 PM

 

Note: It is very important that you run esxcli software profile update here. Running esxcli software profile install may overwrite drivers that your ESXi host needs.

 

8. Once the update has been installed and prompts you to reboot, run the following command to restart:

reboot

 

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 3 46 57 PM

9. After your ESXi host restarts, connect via SSH and run the following command to exit maintenance mode:

vim-cmd /hostsvc/maintenance_mode_exit

 

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 3 49 38 PM

 

At this point, your ESXi host should be upgraded to ESXi 6.7.0.

Screen Shot 2018 05 15 at 3 50 44 PM

Categories: VMware, VMware ESXi
  1. May 16, 2018 at 6:12 pm

    As always, thanks for this, Rich.

    3 snags I ran into in our upgrade that I had to figure on our ESXi host in order to upgrade to 6.7:

    1) Enabling SSH. While the SSH Server firewall rule was enabled, the SSH service was not enabled. I enabled this by going to Host > Manage > Services > and enabling TSM-SSH.

    2) Entering maintenance mode. Wasn’t able to do this via the command line for some reason, so I did this via the Web GUI: Host > Actions > Enter maintenance mode

    3) Enabling swap. When first running the esxcli software profile update command, I got a “Errno 28 No space left on device” error. Found this thread (https://communities.vmware.com/thread/560543) and determined that while swap was enabled on the host it was not assigned to a datastore. Host > Manage > Swap > Make sure is enabled, datastore is selected, and that host cache and local swap were enabled (Host cache and local swap were enabled on our host by default)

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