Archive

Archive for the ‘Apple File System’ Category

Session videos available from MacAD UK Conference 2017

April 17, 2017 Leave a comment

A number of session videos (including mine) have been posted from MacAD UK 2017. For those interested, the videos are available on YouTube via the link below:

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe6gxSMzV0S9JhDowmWNSGesQ16F_ZmUB

For convenience, I’ve linked my session here.

Slides from the “Storing our digital lives: Mac filesystems from MFS to APFS” session at MacADUK 2017

February 8, 2017 1 comment

For those who wanted a copy of my filesystem talk at the MacADUK 2017 conference, here are links to the slides in PDF and Keynote format.

PDF – http://tinyurl.com/MacADUK2017pdf

Keynote – http://tinyurl.com/MacADUK2017key

Imaging will be dead (soon-ish)

January 10, 2017 22 comments

I don’t normally try to foretell the future but there is one change for Mac admins that I’m pretty sure will happen:

The coming of Apple File System (APFS) will mark the end of disk imaging on Macs.

For those not familiar with disk imaging, a disk image is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume. Mac disk images are applied to hard drives using the Apple Software Restore (asr) command line utility to erase the destination drive and then block-copy the data from the disk image onto the destination drive.

Mac deployment practices have generally fallen into one of three categories:

Monolithic imaging

Monolithic imaging is the practice of building a Mac with the desired operating system, desired software, and desired configuration settings, then creating a disk image which includes all the contents of that Mac’s boot drive, including the operating system, installed software, and settings.

Once that disk image is created, the image is then applied to multiple other Macs to make them just like the original Mac.

Modular imaging

Modular imaging is the practice of creating a disk image that contains only the base OS (as well as necessary OS updates from Apple).

Once that disk image is created, the image is applied to multiple other Macs. Desired software and desired configuration settings are then installed onto the newly-imaged Mac as post-imaging deployment tasks.

Thin imaging

Thin imaging is technically not an imaging practice, as no disk image is involved. Instead, the assumption is that Macs from Apple come with a pre-installed OS and that OS should be used instead of wiping it and replacing it with a new copy from a disk image.

In this scenario, a deployment workflow is run which installs the desired software and desired configuration settings onto the Mac. If a Mac needs to be wiped and re-setup, a fresh copy of the OS is installed via the Recovery environment or similar OS installation process and then the thin imaging deployment workflow is re-run.

Imaging using asr has been around for a long time (I first began using it back in the Mac OS X 10.2.x days) but there have been strong hints that those days are coming to an end. The most visible of these was this tweet from the makers of DeployStudio:

While the makers of DeployStudio don’t speak for Apple, a statement like this matches up with what I’ve heard from other Mac admins who have independently received similar messages as part of their communication with Apple. Apple hasn’t commented publicly one way or the other, so unfortunately I can’t be more specific than that.

If imaging isn’t available, what are the alternatives? Apple has been encouraging the use of Apple’s Device Enrollment Program, which leverages a company, school or institutions’ mobile device management (MDM) service. In this case, you would need to arrange with Apple or an Apple reseller to purchase Macs that are enrolled in your organization’s DEP.

When a DEP-enrolled Mac is started for the first time (or started after an OS reinstall), it is automatically configured to use your organizations’ MDM service and the device checks in with the MDM service. The MDM service then configures the Mac as desired with your organization’s software and configuration settings. A good example of what this process may look like can be seen here.

What if you don’t have DEP, or you don’t have MDM? In that case, you may still be able to leverage a thin imaging deployment workflow, which installs the desired software and desired configuration settings onto the Mac’s existing OS. To get an existing OS though, you would need to install it via the Recovery environment or a similar OS installation process.

Planning for the future

Today, imaging works and our deployment workflows are what they are. What should be done to prepare for the future?

If you’re already using DEP with MDM to set up your Macs:

  1. Congratulations! You’re good to go with a Apple-supported deployment workflow that should work fine for the foreseeable future.

If you’re not using DEP with MDM to set up your Macs:

  1. If DEP is an option for your organization and you have an existing MDM service, investigate using Apple’s DEP service to set up your Macs for deployment. You may find that DEP doesn’t work for you in its current form, but now is the time to find that out and work with Apple to get those parts fixed.
  2. If DEP isn’t an option for your organization (because you aren’t using MDM and/or you aren’t in a country where DEP is supported) and you aren’t using a thin imaging deployment workflow now, I recommend investing the time and effort to start using a thin imaging workflow. In particular, if you are using monolithic imaging to set up your Macs, it is time to stop and transition to an alternate way of deploying Macs before that imaging method abruptly stops working.

When will we know how long imaging has left? My recommendation will be to watch what Apple reveals at this summer’s WWDC 2017 conference and pay particular attention to any device management or APFS developments that are being announced, as those announcements should likely provide the best information.

Apple filesystem session at Mac Admin & Developer Conference UK 2017

November 18, 2016 Leave a comment

I’ll be speaking at Mac Admin & Developer Conference UK 2017, which is taking place in London from February 7th – 8th, 2017. My session will be an overview of Apple’s past and present filesystems, with an introduction to Apple File System (APFS) and a discussion of its current state of development..

You can see the entire list of speakers at http://www.macad.uk/macad2017-speakers/

Slides from the “Storing our digital lives: Mac filesystems from MFS to APFS” session at MacTech Conference 2016

November 17, 2016 Leave a comment

For those who wanted a copy of my filesystem talk at MacTech Conference 2016, here are links to the slides in PDF and Keynote format.

PDF – http://tinyurl.com/MT2016FileSystemPDF

Keynote – http://tinyurl.com/MT2016FileSystemKeynote

Apple filesystem session at MacTech Conference 2016

October 19, 2016 Leave a comment

I’ll be speaking at MacTech Conference 2016, which is taking place from November 16-18, 2016 in Los Angeles at the Westin Hotel LAX. My session will be an overview of Apple’s past and present filesystems, with an introduction to Apple File System (APFS) and a discussion of its current state of development.

You can see the entire list of MacTech Conference speakers at http://conference.mactech.com/speakers/.

Session videos and slides now available from MacSysAdmin 2016

October 10, 2016 1 comment

The documentation from MacSysAdmin 2016 is now available, with the session slides and videos being accessible from the link below:

http://documentation.macsysadmin.se

The videos of my sessions are available for download from here:

I also like to thank Tycho Sjögren and Apoio AB again for inviting me to speak at this year’s MacSysAdmin.

%d bloggers like this: